The calendar that follow in Iran, is the solar calendar. But the beginning of the year, it is not in January like most countries, its new year begins the first of Farvardin in March, at the spring equinox.
The lunar calendar is also used in Iran. . Each lunar year is 11 days less than the solar calendar, all celebrations and religious events are calculated according to the lunar calendar so they do not coincide from one year to the next, if you want to enjoy your trip to Iran with a special holiday, not Do not hesitate to contact us.
Main celebrations of Iran:
The weekly party throughout the country is Friday, in some sectors of the private and public company, it also closes on Thursday, so you must take this into account to plan your trip to Iran because some monuments remain closed to the public these days . In Iran, many festivals and festivals are held, some of them are local and are only celebrated in one of their cities, while others are parties at the country level. The Iranian people are very fond of celebrations and keeping their old traditions.
These types of ephemerides are linked to national and local characters, or to religious celebrations.
Celebrations of the solar calendar:
– Now Ruz (New Year) – From 1 to 4 of farvardín (21 to 24 March). In Iran, the biggest party of the year is the Nouruz
– Day of the Islamic Republic – 12 of farvardín (April 1)
– Death of Imam Khomeini – June 14 (June 3)
Last day of the celebrations of the Now Ruz – 13 of farvardín (2 of April)
– Repression of the year 1963 – 15 of jordad (June 4)
– Day of the return of Imam Khomeini from exile – 12 bahman (February 1)
– Day of the triumph of the Islamic Revolution – 22 of bahman (February 11).
– Day of the nationalization of oil – 29 of esfand (March 20).
Main parties of the Lunar calendar:
The dates of the lunar calendar can not be converted to the Christian chronology because they constantly change with respect to the solar calendar.
Tasua – 9 of moharram
Ashura – (martyrdom of Imam Hussein) – 10 of Moharram.
Arbain – 20 Safar (forty days of the martyrdom of Imam Husein)
Death of the Prophet Muhammad and Martyrdom of Imam Hassan – 28th of Safar
Birth of the Prophet and Imam Jafar Sadegh – 17 of Rabi-ol-Aval
Birth of the Imam Mahdi – 15 of Shaban (one of the most important celebrations of the Shiites).
Martyrdom of Imam Ali – Ramadan 21
Birth of the Imam Reza – 11 of Zilqada
Eid-e-Qorban – 10 of Zilhajja.
Eid-e-Ghadir – 18 of Zilhajja.
The Chaharshanbe Surí
That festival is commemorated on the last Wednesday of the Iranian year, prior to the celebrations of Now Ruz. The custom is to light small fires in the streets. People must jump over the flames to ensure their luck in the next year. The belief is that the flames purge the body of any evil spirit. The symbolic origin of this ritual is purely Zoroastrian.
NOWRUZ, THE NEW YEAR IRANÍ
Nouruz, or Nowruz is the Persian New Year, one of the most important festivals in Iran. This party in Iran is celebrated at the exact moment of the spring equinox. This festival, is part of Intangible Heritage of Humanity since 2010 for being a celebration for peace and cultural diversity.
The party is a day but as the big celebrations begin to plan and celebrate days before the date. The Iranian people take advantage of the price days to clean the home and renew utensils and clothing as an element of regeneration of the home to enter the good omens at home. Another one of the points where the Iranians most emphasize, is in the preparation of their table, where they follow a ritual, composed by the seven eses “s” of HAFT Sin. What does this mean? The Iranians must place seven products on their tables whose names begin with ” s ” and each of them has a different meaning:
- Sabzeh Germinated sprouts of wheat or lentils adorned with a red ribbon, symbolizes rebirth, new life.
- Sekke. Gold coins, symbolizes wealth and prosperity.
- Senyed Fruit of the ” red olive ”, symbolizes fertility and love.
- Sir. Garlic, symbolizes health.
- Sib. Apple, symbolizes beauty and desire.
- Sumac. (a spice), symbolizes the dawn and the conquest of light, for its color.
- Serkeh. Vinegar, symbolizes maturity and patience.
During these parties, all the family and friends gather during the 13 days of the celebration.